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From Multi-Risk Evaluation to Resilience Planning: The Case of Central Chilean Coastal Cities

Año: 2019
Categoría: Crecimiento urbano, Eventos extremos, Riesgos climáticos, Sistemas socio-ecológicos

Título publicación

From Multi-Risk Evaluation to Resilience Planning: The Case of Central Chilean Coastal Cities

Autores: Pilar Barría, María Luisa Cruzat, Rodrigo Cienfuegos, Jorge Gironás, Cristián Escauriaza, Carlos Bonilla, Roberto Moris, Cristian Ledezma, Maricarmen Guerra, Raimundo Rodrigez, Alma Torres

Revista: Water (2019), 11(3):572

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Abstract

Multi-hazard evaluations are fundamental inputs for disaster risk management plans and the implementation of resilient urban environments, adapted to extreme natural events. Risk assessments from natural hazards have been typically restricted to the analysis of single hazards or focused on the vulnerability of specific targets, which might result in an underestimation of the risk level.

Economic development and residential water consumption in Chile

Año: 2019
Categoría: Cambio global, Crecimiento urbano, Políticas hídricas, Recursos hídricos

Título publicación

Economic development and residential water consumption in Chile

Autores: Juan Fercovic, William Foster, Oscar Melo

Revista: Environment and Development Economics, 24(1), 23–46

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Abstract

A better understanding of the relative importance of factors related to climate change and to changes associated with economic growth would serve to inform water policy and to focus scarce public resources on anticipated problems arising from distinct sources of changes in water demand.

Irrigation of green spaces and residential gardens in a Mediterranean metropolis: Gaps and opportunities for climate change adaptation

Año: 2019
Categoría: Adaptación, Cuencas urbanas, Eficiencia Riego, Gestión adaptativa recursos hídricos, Planificación urbana

Título publicación

Irrigation of green spaces and residential gardens in a Mediterranean metropolis: Gaps and opportunities for climate change adaptation

Autores: Sonia Reyes-Paecke, Jorge Gironás, Oscar Melo, Sebastián Vicuña, Josefina Herrera

Revista: Landscape and Urban Planning (2019)182:34-43

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Abstract

Many cities are facing water shortages because of climate change. Climate adaptation plans have prioritized water saving to prevent the devastating consequences of drought. To develop such adaptation plans, it is critical to understand the water-use patterns of cities. The present research determines the water consumption for irrigation of green spaces and residential gardens in metropolitan area of Santiago, Chile (MAS) and compares this consumption with the expected vegetation water requirements estimated using a hydrological model.

Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from zimbabwe’s campfire program.

Año: 2019
Categoría: Conservación

Título publicación

Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from zimbabwe’s campfire program.

Autores: D. Biggs, N. Ban, J.C. Castilla, S. Gelcich, M. Mills, M. Etienne, A. Knight, P.A. Marquet, H. Possingham.

 

Libro: Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE program.

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Abstract

One strategy to address threats to biodiversity in the face of ongoing budget constraints is to create an enabling environment that facilitates individuals, communities and other groups to self-organise to achieve conservation outcomes. Emergence (new activities and initiatives), and robustness (durability of these activities and initiatives over time), two related concepts from the common pool resources literature, provide guidance on how to support and enable such self-organised action for conservation. To date emergence has received little attention in the literature.

Protected area management and climate change.

Año: 2019
Categoría: Cambio climático

Título publicación

Protected area management and climate change.

Autores: P.A. Marquet, J. Lessmann, R. Shaw.

 

Libro: Protected area management and climate change.

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Abstract

Protected-area networks aim to adequately represent and protect biodiversity (Mar-gules and Pressey 2000; Possingham et al. 2006). This objective is seldom fulfilled in practice, as most protected-area networks are inefficient in representing the full diver-sity of species (e.g., Rodrigues et al. 2004; Tognelli, de Arellano, and Marquet 2008). The challenge is made greater in the context of a changing climate, which decreases the effectiveness of protected areas for biodiver-sity conservation (Peters and Darling 1985; Hannah et al. 2008).

GCM COMPARER: a web application to assess differences and assist in the selection of general circulation models for climate change research.

Año: 2019
Categoría: Biodiversidad, Cambio climático

Título publicación

GCM COMPARER: a web application to assess differences and assist in the selection of general circulation models for climate change research.

Autores: J. Fajardo, D. Corcoran, P.R .Roehrdanz, L. Hannah, P.A. Marquet.

Libro: GCM compareR: A web application to assess differences and assist in the selection of General Circulation Models for climate change research.

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Abstract

Experiences of voluntary early participation in Environmental Impact Assessments in Chilean mining

Año: 2019
Categoría: Sistemas socio-ecológicos, Vulnerabilidad, Comunidades, Minería

Título publicación

Experiences of voluntary early participation in Environmental Impact Assessments in Chilean mining

Autores: Anahí Ocampo-Melgar, Lake Sagaris, Jorge Gironás

Revista: Environmental Impact Assessment Review (2019) 74:43-53

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Abstract

Citizen participation should ideally occur as early as possible in a project, especially throughout the course of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study. In Chile, participation occurs after the EIA study has been completed and presented to authorities for evaluation. However, voluntary early participation has become an extended practice in large mining projects for financial and conflict-reduction reasons. The purpose of this study was to explore a variety of these early participation processes happening in large mining projects from 2001 to 2010 and analyze how well these practices measured up to standards and objectives defined in the EIA and participation literature.

Imaginarios Socioculturales de la hidroelectricidad en Sudamérica 1945-1970

Año: 2018
Categoría: Hidroelectricidad

Título publicación

Imaginarios Socioculturales de la hidroelectricidad en Sudamérica 1945-1970

Autores: Fernando Purcell

Revista:  Atenea (Concepción), Vol 518, II, pp. 97-116

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Abstract

Este artículo analiza el papel que tuvieron distintos tipos de imaginarios en la valoración y apoyo al desarrollo hidroeléctrico sudamericano durante las décadas iniciales de la guerra fría. El argumento central es que más allá del impulso y valoración positiva de este tipo de obras, asociado a la necesidad de contar con una fuente energética barata que apoyara los procesos de desarrollo industrial y modernización en distintos países sudamericanos, hubo también un andamiaje sociocultural de apoyo a las hidroeléctricas, poco explorado, pero muy significativo.

Unravelling transboundary water security in the arid Americas

Año: 2018
Categoría: Seguridad hídrica

Título publicación

Unravelling transboundary water security in the arid Americas

Autores: Albrecht, T. R., R. G. Varady, A. A. Zuniga-Teran, R. De Grenade, A. Lutz-Ley, F. Martín, S. B. Megdal, F. Meza, D. Ocampo Melgar, N. Pineda, F. Rojas, R. Taboada, B. Willems.

Revista: Water International (2018) 43(8) 1075-1113

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Abstract

Transboundary waters are characterized by diverse and complex socio-politico-economic obstacles to effective water management. We examine five distinct cases in the arid Americas – in locations from the US–Mexico border to the Andes mountains – employing water security as a conceptual prism to unravel the multiple and varied attributes of transboundary water challenges.

Resiliencia Urbana (En: Camino a Ciudades Sustentables)

Año: 2018
Categoría: Cambio climático, Clima, Crecimiento urbano, Planificación urbana

Título publicación

Resiliencia Urbana (En: Camino a Ciudades Sustentables)

Autores: Cristián Henríquez

Publicación: Capítulo en Informe de Política Pública Nº1: Camino a Ciudades Sustentables, CEDEUS (2018) - (ISBN: 978-956-393-829-6)

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Abstract

Esta publicación es un esfuerzo para impulsar este diálogo. Camino a Ciudades Sustentables/ Aportes de la investigación a la política pública urbana en Chile, reúne 17 documentos de 40 investigadores que analizan las ciudades chilenas y las políticas urbanas implementadas en las últimas décadas, a la luz de la Nueva Agenda Urbana (NAU) que surge de la Conferencia HABITAT III.

Noticias

Enfrentar proactiva y colaborativamente la sequía

30-03-2022

El Mostrador publica columna de I.Sánchez, J. Gironás, D. Rivera, S. Vicuña, M. Molinos y O. Melo, profesores Iniciativa UC frente a la sequía.

Agenda